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A burning oil field in Kuwait during Operation Desert Storm
A burning oil field in Kuwait during Operation Desert Storm

Source: photo by Jonas Jordan, United States Army Corps of Engineers

A Kuwaiti M-84 main battle tank crosses a trench during a capabilities demonstration at a Kuwaiti outpost during Operation Desert Shield.
A Kuwaiti M-84 main battle tank crosses a trench during a capabilities demonstration at a Kuwaiti outpost during Operation Desert Shield.

Source: photo by H. H. Deffner

A street in Kurdish Halabja after Saddam Hussein's chemical attack there in 1988
A street in Kurdish Halabja after Saddam Hussein's chemical attack there in 1988
An American soldier arrives in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield in 1992
An American soldier arrives in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield in 1992

Source: photo by Staff Sgt Corkran F. Lee

An International Atomic Energy Agency inspector at a factory in Iraq during weapons inspections in 2002.
An International Atomic Energy Agency inspector at a factory in Iraq during weapons inspections in 2002.

Source: photo by Petr Pavlicek

An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask during the Iran-Iraq War
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask during the Iran-Iraq War
An Iraqi prisoner attached to electrical shocking devices at Abu Ghraib
An Iraqi prisoner attached to electrical shocking devices at Abu Ghraib
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian religious leader and politician
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian religious leader and politician
British troops enter Baghdad during World War I
British troops enter Baghdad during World War I
Current flag of the Republic of Iraq
Current flag of the Republic of Iraq
Donald Rumsfeld, special envoy of President Ronald Reagan, greets Saddam Hussein in Baghdad on December 20, 1983
Donald Rumsfeld, special envoy of President Ronald Reagan, greets Saddam Hussein in Baghdad on December 20, 1983
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Firefighters attempt to extinguish a fire at the Rumaila Oilfield in Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom on March 27, 2003.
Firefighters attempt to extinguish a fire at the Rumaila Oilfield in Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom on March 27, 2003.

Source: photo by Pfc. Mary Rose Xenikakis

Gamal Abdel Nasser, second president of Egypt
Gamal Abdel Nasser, second president of Egypt
George H.W. Bush
George H.W. Bush
Iraqi expatriate Ahmad Chalabi
Iraqi expatriate Ahmad Chalabi
Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, Ambassador L. Paul Bremer, and President Sheikh Ghazi Ajil al-Yawar
Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, Ambassador L. Paul Bremer, and President Sheikh Ghazi Ajil al-Yawar

Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi (left), Ambassador L. Paul Bremer, and President Sheikh Ghazi Ajil al-Yawar make their farewells after a ceremony celebrating the transfer of full governmental authority to the Iraqi Interim Government, June 28, 2004, in Baghdad, Iraq.

Oil spouts from the ground in the Kirkurk district of Iraq in the 1930s.
Oil spouts from the ground in the Kirkurk district of Iraq in the 1930s.
Osama bin Laden in 1997
Osama bin Laden in 1997

Source: Abdul Rahman bin Laden (son of Osama bin Laden) took the photo and released it to Hamid Mir, a Pakistani news reporter

President George W. Bush gives the thumbs-up during his infamous "Mission Accomplished Speech" on May 1, 2003
President George W. Bush gives the thumbs-up during his infamous "Mission Accomplished Speech" on May 1, 2003
Pro-Nazi Iraqi prime minister Rashid Ali al-Gailani, who served three brief stints in 1933, 1940, and 1941
Pro-Nazi Iraqi prime minister Rashid Ali al-Gailani, who served three brief stints in 1933, 1940, and 1941
Retired General Jay Garner, who attempted to organize elections in post-war Iraq
Retired General Jay Garner, who attempted to organize elections in post-war Iraq

Source: photo by R.D. Ward

Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan
Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq from 1979 to 2003
Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq from 1979 to 2003
The Imam ‘Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq
The Imam ‘Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq

The Imam ‘Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq. The Mosque is third holiest site for followers of the Shi'a branch of Islam.

The last convoy of U.S. service members enters Kuwait from Iraq, Dec. 18, 2011.
The last convoy of U.S. service members enters Kuwait from Iraq, Dec. 18, 2011.

Source: photo by Staff Sgt. Lynette Hoke

U.S. and Kuwaiti troops close the gate between Kuwait and Iraq after the last military convoys pass through on December 18, 2011.
U.S. and Kuwaiti troops close the gate between Kuwait and Iraq after the last military convoys pass through on December 18, 2011.

Source: photo by Cpl. Jordan Johnson

U.S., French, Qatari, and Canadian fighter jets during Operation Desert Shield
U.S., French, Qatari, and Canadian fighter jets during Operation Desert Shield

Source: photo by Staff Sgt Corkran F. Lee

Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson