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Al-Kashkul, Date Unknown
Al-Kashkul, Date Unknown

A cartoon from Al-Kashkul (Scrapbook), 1924. Women in burqa walk by and mention that they do not want freedom, if freedom means dressing like the women in swimsuits. (Photo by Gulsah Torunoglu, American University in Cairo Library) 

Cartoon of Huda Hanim Sha’rawi and Safiyya Hanim Zaghlul chased by Egyptian policemen
Cartoon of Huda Hanim Sha’rawi and Safiyya Hanim Zaghlul chased by Egyptian policemen

Cartoon of Huda Hanim Sha’rawi and Safiyya Hanim Zaghlul chased by Egyptian policemen, in Al-Kashkul (Scrapbook), May 22, 1931. When Huda Sha’rawi calls Safiyya Zaghlul, “mother,” Zaghlul replies, she is not her mother, and that she is not even the mother of the generation of her children, satirizing the use of maternal nationalist rhetoric, as in “mother of the Egyptians.” (Photo by Gulsah Torunoglu, American University in Cairo Library)

Cartoon of Huda Sha’rawi and al-Bash Aga, Al-Kashkul, January 21, 1926.
Cartoon of Huda Sha’rawi and al-Bash Aga, Al-Kashkul, January 21, 1926.
Cartoon of Huda Sha’rawi and al-Bash Aga, Al-Kashkul (Scrapbook), January 21, 1926. “Where is Independence?” Al-Bash Aga: “My lady, if there is no independence, what are those men doing?” Huda Sha’rawi: “Listen, oh Bash Agha, as long as there is a nation that wants independence, don’t be afraid. You’re more of a man than all of them!” Huda Sha’rawi criticizes the male nationalists. (Al-Bash Aga was an eunuch, a castrated man) (Photo by Gulsah Torunoglu, Huda Sha’rawi Library, Cairo)
December 2011, Women’s March
December 2011, Women’s March
December 2011, Women’s March
December 2011, Women’s March
Duriyya Shafiq, circa 1940s
Duriyya Shafiq, circa 1940s
Gamal 'Abdel Nasser, 1960
Gamal 'Abdel Nasser, 1960
General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, 2013
General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, 2013
Hosni Mubarak, 2009
Hosni Mubarak, 2009
Huda Sha′rawi, 1947
Huda Sha′rawi, 1947
Inji Aflatoun, circa 1940s
Inji Aflatoun, circa 1940s
Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani, circa 1880s
Jamal ad-Din al-Afghani, circa 1880s
Jihan Sadat, 1988
Jihan Sadat, 1988
L'Egyptienne, 1927
L'Egyptienne, 1927
Mayy Ziyadah, circa 1900s
Mayy Ziyadah, circa 1900s
Mohamed Morsi, 2013
Mohamed Morsi, 2013
Muhammad ‘Abduh, circa 1890s
Muhammad ‘Abduh, circa 1890s
Ottoman Propoganda Poster
Ottoman Propoganda Poster

Ottoman Propoganda Poster in the “Cairo Punch,” al-Siyasa al-Musawwara, “Happy are the Free!!! Occupation in Arab countries and in Egypt, and other countries which are not occupied by the British and French.” Signed, First Egyptian Cartoonist, ‘Abd al-Hamid Zaki. (Photo by Gulsah Torunoglu, Egyptian National Archives, Cairo)

Qasim Amin, circa 1890s
Qasim Amin, circa 1890s
Street artist El Zeft's riot-ready Queen Nefertiti
Street artist El Zeft's riot-ready Queen Nefertiti
Suzanne Mubarak, 2011
Suzanne Mubarak, 2011
Tahrir Square, February 9, 2011
Tahrir Square, February 9, 2011
Tahrir Square, July 8, 2011
Tahrir Square, July 8, 2011
Zainab al-Fawwaz, circa 1880s
Zainab al-Fawwaz, circa 1880s
“Preventing Women the Right to Vote”
“Preventing Women the Right to Vote”

“Preventing Women the Right to Vote” The Military: “Go back to your homes … leave politics to men.” Date and Source Unknown. (Photo by Gulsah Torunoglu, Huda Sha’rawi Library, Cairo)