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Karbala and the Sunni-Shia Split

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Lesson Plan Author(s): 
Thomas Nitz
Topic: 
Shia and Sunni Islam
Standards: 
OH SSG7 Standard #5
Grade Level: 
7
Teaching Level: 
Middle Childhood
Origins Item(s): 

This lesson plan covers the split between Shia and Sunni Islam, focusing on the initial causes of the divide. The Origins article on this topic covers the topic in light of events in the early 21st century, and is written at a level which is not easily comprehensible to 7th graders. I decided to create this lesson plan in order to help students learn the core content of the article, especially as it pertains to the content area of 7th grade social studies. In this grade, students learn about the transition from antiquity to the medieval period. As the article mentions, few Americans understand the roots of sectarian violence in the Middle East. In order to correct this, as well as to present a less binary view of the Crusades which would shake the region in the Middle Ages, I decided to bring this topic into focus. To do this, students first watch a video about the Battle of Karbala. Students briefly discuss the events portrayed, and consider how the perspective of those who made the video informs its content. After, the students complete a short session defining the key vocabulary terms of the lesson. These are put to use in the main activity of the lesson, a Gallery Walk. In this activity, students view a variety of documents which explain the split in different ways – as a political, religious, cultural, and semantic one. Students fill in a worksheet which asks them questions about those differences as they move through the gallery. Students then discuss the day’s compelling question: “Why did the religious difference between Sunni and Shia Muslims turn into a political difference?” Before departing, they write down one difference they learned between Shia and Sunni Islam.

Instructional Strategies:
• Gallery Walk

Downloads:

Sunni-Shia Lesson Plan

Sunni-Shia Extension Worksheet

Sunni-Shia Split Description

Sunni-Shia Split gallery walk worksheet differentiated

Sunni-Shia Split gallery walk worksheet

Sunni-Shia Split Presentation

Sunni-Shia Split Source Packet

Sunni-Shia Split Vocabulary 2

Sunni-Shia Split Vocabulary

Key Words: 
Islam, Religion, Middle East, Middle Ages