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A Muslim at Prayer during the Second Chechen War
A Muslim at Prayer during the Second Chechen War

Source: Mikhail Evstafiev (via wikicommons)

Alexander Lebed
Alexander Lebed

Source: Wikicommons

Anatoly Sobchak
Anatoly Sobchak

Source: Public Domain

Boris Yeltsin
Boris Yeltsin

Source: Open

Chechen Soldier
Chechen Soldier

Source: Mikhail Evstafiev (via wikicommons)

Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Medvedev

Source: Wikicommons

For law and order. DPNI
For law and order. DPNI

Source: Author

Comments: An example of growing Russian nationalism and the public demand for stability. A protest against illegal immigration, November 4, 2004. The banner reads: “For law and order. DPNI” (DPNI is the ultra-right wing Movement Against Illegal Immigration)

Garry Kasparov
Garry Kasparov

Source: Wikicommons

Gennady Ziuganov
Gennady Ziuganov

Source: Wikicommons

Great Russian Patriotism
Great Russian Patriotism

Source: Author

Comments: Great Russian Patriotism. A statue dedicated to the Soviet victory in World War II (at the WWII Museum, Moscow)

 

Homeless protester
Homeless protester

Source: Nick Breyfogle

Comments: Newly homeless man protests against the changing economic situation in Russia in the early 1990s.

Independence Day 2005
Independence Day 2005

Source: Mark Soderstrom

Comments: Independence Day 2005, St. Petersburg--Major patriotic event in the city and youth event

Mikhail Gorbachev
Mikhail Gorbachev

Source: Russian National Orchestra

Mikhail Khodorkovsky
Mikhail Khodorkovsky

Source: Robert Amsterdam Blog

Mobilizing the Next Generation: Youth for Putin.
Mobilizing the Next Generation: Youth for Putin.

Source: Author

Comments: A Young Guard’s concert, November 4, 2007. The flag reads “I am for” and then the picture of Putin.

Poster of Stalin (Let's Come to Abundance)
Poster of Stalin (Let's Come to Abundance)

Source: Open

Presidential Troops attacking the house of Parliament (White House) in 1993
Presidential Troops attacking the house of Parliament (White House) in 1993

Source: Library of Congress

Residential Building, Aleksandrov.
Residential Building, Aleksandrov.

Source: Mark Soderstrom

Comments: Residential Building, Aleksandrov. "Glory to our Motherland!" in letters on roof.

Russian nationalist march
Russian nationalist march

Source: Author

Comments: November 4, 2007

Soldiers guarding Lenin’s Mausoleum
Soldiers guarding Lenin’s Mausoleum

Comments: Soldiers guarding Lenin’s Mausoleum, 1991. Many western observers fear a return to Russian militarism and aggression abroad.

Stalin and Khrushchev
Stalin and Khrushchev

Source: Open

Street Scene, Ulan Ude
Street Scene, Ulan Ude

Source: Mark Soderstrom

Comments: Street Scene, Ulan Ude. Ulan Ude is the capital of the Buriat Republic. Shows Russia's multiethnic nature

The Kremlin, Moscow.
The Kremlin, Moscow.

Source: Nick Breyfogle

 

The Russian White House
The Russian White House

Source: Nick Breyfogle

Comments: The Russian White House. The Russian Parliament Building, Moscow. Bombed in 1993 during the standoff between then President Boris Yeltsin and the Parliament, now repaired.

Vladimir Putin
Vladimir Putin

Source: Wikicommons

Vladimir Zhirinovsky
Vladimir Zhirinovsky

Source: Robert Amsterdam Blog

Yevgeny Primakov
Yevgeny Primakov

Source: Public Domain

“For Our Soviet Motherland.”
“For Our Soviet Motherland.”

Source: Author

Comments: The Cult of Soviet Patriotism in Recent Russian Nationalism. Flag reads: “For Our Soviet Motherland.” The World War II Museum.

“Moscow Votes for Putin!”
“Moscow Votes for Putin!”

Source: Author

Comments: Campaign poster before the December 2007 Parliamentary elections supporting United Russia, Putin’s party. The bottom poster reads: “Moscow Votes for Putin!” The poster reflects Putin’s popularity and the way that the President has come to personify Russia’s current direction.

“Putin’s Plan is Russia’s Victory! The December 2 Elections!”
“Putin’s Plan is Russia’s Victory! The December 2 Elections!”

Comments: Campaign poster before the December 2007 Parliamentary elections supporting United Russia, Putin’s party. The poster reads: “Putin’s Plan is Russia’s Victory! The December 2 Elections!” The poster reflects Putin’s popularity and the way that the President has come to personify Russia’s current direction.

“Putin’s Russia: United and Invincible.”
“Putin’s Russia: United and Invincible.”

Source: Author

Comments: Campaign poster before the December 2007 Parliamentary elections supporting United Russia, Putin’s party. The poster reads: “Putin’s Russia: United and Invincible.” The poster reflects Putin’s popularity and the way that the President has come to personify Russia’s current direction.

“The Path to a New Russia Leads through Peace in Chechnya”
“The Path to a New Russia Leads through Peace in Chechnya”

Source: Nick Breyfogle

Comments: Photo of Political rally during the lead up to the 1996 Presidential elections won by Boris Yeltsin. The white posters read: “The Path to a New Russia Leads through Peace in Chechnya” and “Let’s Stop the War Together.” The posters reflect the importance of the Chechen war in determining the outcomes of Russian politics in the 1990s. The woman on stage second from the right who holds a banner for the Committee of Soldiers’ Mothers of Russia, a group opposed to the loss of life in the Chechen conflict. The politicians on-stage waiting to speak include General Alexander Lebed (third from left) and Grigory Yavlinsky (leader of the liberal Yabloko party).

“We are Building Communism.”
“We are Building Communism.”

Source: Nick Breyfogle

Comments: Communist era mural. Reads: “We are Building Communism.” Fear of a return to Communism in the 1990s prompted the current Russian Presidential political system.