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Armed Workers in the January Uprising, 1917-1921
Armed Workers in the January Uprising, 1917-1921

A group of armed workers posing for the camera here in 1918. They were participants of the January Uprising for Independence, 1917-1921.

Baptism of the Grand Prince Vladimir
Baptism of the Grand Prince Vladimir

The baptism of the Grand Prince Vladimir led to the adoption of Christianity in Kyivan Rus' (present-day Ukraine). Muscovite tsars traced their lineage and the origins of their power back to Kyivan Rus', a mighty medieval empire.

Barricade on Khreshchatyk Boulevard, near http://www.auverssuroise.fr
Barricade on Khreshchatyk Boulevard, near http://www.auverssuroise.fr

A barricade of old tires prepared for burning on Kyiv's main avenue, Khreshchatyk Boulevard. Photo by Serhy Yekelchyk

Barricades on Khreshchatyk Boulevard
Barricades on Khreshchatyk Boulevard

One of the best selfies the Origins staff has seen, Rudy Hightower posed here in front of the barricades on Khreshchatyk Boulevard. Barricades were built of tires, doors, pallets, ice and snow, among other things. The barricades were manned 24/7. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Barricades on Khreshchatyk Boulevard
Barricades on Khreshchatyk Boulevard

Barricades were erected in both directions of Khreshchatyk Boulevard and on its feeder streets. This photo gives a good impression of the scope of the structures. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Chernobyl Nuclear Plant
Chernobyl Nuclear Plant

Monument and reactor number 4 at the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in Ukraine. Photo by Tiia Monto

Cossacks Fighting Tatars from the Crimean Khanate
Cossacks Fighting Tatars from the Crimean Khanate

In 1654, the Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossacks, located in the eastern part of what is today Ukraine, were accepted under the protection of the Orthodox Russian tsar after an exhaustive war against the Polish state. In this painting above, by Jozef Brandt ca. 1890, Cossacks battle with Tatars.

Crimean Tatar Women
Crimean Tatar Women

Photograph from early 1900s of Tatar women

Downtown Kyiv, late 1800s
Downtown Kyiv, late 1800s

Photo of the Nikolayevskaya Street in Kiev, Russian Empire (now Ukraine)

Executions of Kyiv Jews by Nazis during World War II
Executions of Kyiv Jews by Nazis during World War II

The original German inscription on the back of the photograph reads: "Ukraine 1942, Jewish Action [operation], Ivangorod."

Holodomor Victims
Holodomor Victims

As part of many abrupt changes in policy during Joseph Stalin's time, he instituted an end to the indigenization policies and unleased the Holodomor, the horrifying Ukrainian Famine of 1932–33, pictured above.

Keeping Warm in Tent Cities
Keeping Warm in Tent Cities

When Rudy Hightower, of OSU's Glenn School of Public Affairs, visited Ukraine in December of 2013, Ukranians had already erected tent cities. Showing their dedication, protestors had been living in tents and on the street then for two months. Keeping warm was accomplished in any way possible. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Kyiv City hall Takeover
Kyiv City hall Takeover

Independence Square received most of the initial media attention. But protesters also took over Kyiv City Hall. They continued to peacefully allow people to enter and exit the building. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Monument to the Founders of Kyiv
Monument to the Founders of Kyiv

The monument to the legendary founders of Kyiv, the three brothers Kyi, Shchek, and Khoriv, and their sister Lybid, reclaimed by the pro-European protesters on EuroMaidan as a symbol of their struggle. Photo by Serhy Yekelchyk

Opposition Leaders Addressing Demonstrators
Opposition Leaders Addressing Demonstrators

Opposition leaders Vitali Klitschko, Arseniy Yatsenyuk and Oleh Tyahnybok, addressing demonstrators, 27 November 2013

Orange Revolution at Indpendence Square
Orange Revolution at Indpendence Square

Orange Revolution activists in Kyiv, on first day in November 2004

Orange Revolution Protest
Orange Revolution Protest
Political Posters and Statements
Political Posters and Statements

Political statements and posters were posted for the public all over EuroMaidan, including on tents and billboards. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Pro-EU Demonstration
Pro-EU Demonstration

Demonstrations began, in part, as a pro-EU effort, pictured above by Yuriy V Dzyadyk, December 2013.

Protestors Clashing with Security Forces in http://www.auverssuroise.fr
Protestors Clashing with Security Forces in http://www.auverssuroise.fr

Protestors clashed with security forces in Kyiv, often coming to resemble a war zone more than mere protests. Photo by Аимаина хикари

Protests in Odessa
Protests in Odessa

Though in much smaller numbers than in Kyiv, protesters filled the main walking street in the Black Sea port city of Odessa. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Protests in Odessa
Protests in Odessa

Protesters filled the main walking street in the Black Sea port city of Odessa, although they were smaller in number than in Kyiv. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Rally of 22 December 2013
Rally of 22 December 2013

The Rally in Independence Square on 22 December 2013 had an estimated 100,000 people. The rallies the previous two weekends had 200,000 and 300,000 supporters, respectively. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Ruins of Kyiv during World War II
Ruins of Kyiv during World War II

Photo showing burned and destroyed buildings of Kyiv after bombings from WWII

Signing of Ukrainian and Russian Celebration
Signing of Ukrainian and Russian Celebration

Russian President Vladimir Putin and President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych signed a joint bilateral program of celebrations for the 200th anniversary of the birth of Taras Shevchenko in 2014.

Soviet Poster from 1954 Reading "Together Forever"
Soviet Poster from 1954 Reading "Together Forever"

Soviet poster marking the 300-year anniversary of the Treaty of Pereyaslav. The text on the poster reads "Eternally tying its fate with the brotherly Russian people, the Ukrainian people saved themselves from foreign enslavement, allowing the possibility of their national development."

Soviet Propaganda Poster, 1939
Soviet Propaganda Poster, 1939

This propaganda poster was addressed to the Western Ukrainian population. The Ukrainian text reads: "Electors of the working people! Vote for the joining of Western Ukraine with Soviet Ukraine, for a united, free and thriving Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Let's forever eliminate the border between Western and Soviet Ukraine. Long Live the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic!" Joseph Stalin seized the opportunity to annex ethnically Ukrainian lands from Poland, Romania, and Czechoslovakia during WWII. Soviet expansionist policies thus helped bring together most Ukrainians into the same state.

Starved Ukranian Peasants due to Holodomor
Starved Ukranian Peasants due to Holodomor

This photo from 1933 shows the corpses of starved peasants in Ukraine. They were victims of the the Holodomor, the horrifying Ukrainian Famine of 1932–33, created by the policies of Joseph Stalin.

Tent Cities Representing Ukraine
Tent Cities Representing Ukraine

Tent cities representing all areas of Ukraine endured the cold to stay at EuroMaidan for weeks. Medical services remained available from volunteers inside the barricade and city ambulance services located outside the barricades. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

The Maidan "New Year’s Tree"
The Maidan "New Year’s Tree"

The traditional Maidan New Year's Tree, pictured above, was taken over and "redecorated" with nationalistic symbols and political statements. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

Ukrainian Riot Police
Ukrainian Riot Police

Riot police officers in Kyiv, December 2013

Ukranian at the Barricades
Ukranian at the Barricades

Ukrainian men and women wore hardhats and facemasks to protect from government forces and from the weather. Photo by Rudy Hightower, December 2013

USSR DnieproGES Hydropower Plant in Ukraine
USSR DnieproGES Hydropower Plant in Ukraine

1934 photo of the DnieproGES hydropower plant, part of the Soviet industrialization in Ukraine

Valuev Circular, Decree of 1863
Valuev Circular, Decree of 1863

This Russian Decree of 1863 banned the publication of religious and educational works in the Ukrainian language. Then in 1876, Tsar Alexander II prohibited the publication of any Ukrainian books, now including literature, as well as the use of Ukrainian on stage.

Viktor Yanukovych and Vladimir Putin, 2006
Viktor Yanukovych and Vladimir Putin, 2006

President Putin visiting with then Ukrainian Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych (and later President) in this photo from December 2006

Viktor Yushchenko
Viktor Yushchenko

Viktor Yushchenko served as the third president of Ukraine, from 2005-2010.

Vladimir Zhirinovsky
Vladimir Zhirinovsky

Vladimir Zhirinovsky, an ultranationalist Russian politician who is known for his provocative declarations, shocked the Polish foreign ministry with an offer to divide Ukraine. Photo by A. Sdobnikov in 1999