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Gavrilo Princip: Puppet Assassin or Hero of the People

illustration of assassination by Gavrilo Princip
Lesson Plan Author(s): 
Quinn Giesige
The causes of World War I included militarism, imperialism, nationalism, and alliances.
Teaching Area: 
World History
Grade Level: 
Teaching Level: 
Secondary Childhood
Origins Item(s): 

This lesson will examine Gavrilo Princip and his infamous assassination, often cited as the start to WW1. Students will analyze primary documents related to Princip, his Black Hand Group, and the Austrian Empire. Students will be put into groups that will determine which aspect they are researching. All of the groups have specific primary documents selected for them. The essential question they are going to be asking is, “Was Gavrilo Princip a heroic rebel fighting for his people’s independence or was he a puppet for a terrorist movement?” Each group will have to research and be prepared to present on their findings, as well as taking a stand.

Instructional Strategies:

  • Think-Pair-Share
  • Research & Discussion
  • Take a Stand
  • Group Synthesis

Lesson Materials:

Key Words: 
Nationalism, Imperialism, Assassin