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a man harvesting wheat - Lviv, Ukraine 1991 Wheat Harvest on Collective Farm 1991 by Manhhai, Flickr, cc-by 2.0

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine has returned to its pre-revolutionary pos

ancient Vikings
The Russian government’s rationale for the war in Ukraine is not about oil, coal, or natural resources. It is about asserting specious historical claims.
Ita Ford, Dorothy Kazel, Jean Donovan, and Maura Clarke
On December 2, 1980, four churchwomen—Maryknoll Sisters Maura Clarke and Ita Ford, Ursuline Sister Dorothy Kazel, and lay missionary Jean Donovan—became victims of escalating violence toward church members who sided with the poor in El Salvador.
2009 Tour de France winner Alberto Contador
In 1919, Eugene Christophe was awarded the first yellow jersey, but he did not win the Tour de France that year.
Ferdinand Magellan with an antique map behind him
On September 20, 1519, five ships carrying about 270 men sailed westward from the Spanish port of  Sanlúcar de Barrameda.
Copernicus
In February-March 1616, the Catholic Church issued a prohibition against the Copernican theory of the earth’s motion.
And Water for All - stylized image of hands with water behind them
An educational documentary about water affordability
Gavrilo Princip with Archduke Ferdinand and Sophie in background
On June 28, 1914, one event changed the world.
Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan
The atomic age began between heartbeats at 8:15 am on August 6, 1945 when the Japanese city of Hiroshima was leveled by an atomic bomb.
image of Mendeleev with periodic table of elements in background
Dmitri Mendeleev's looming publishing deadline resulted in a system that classified all of the chemical elements.
group of protesters with linked arms at Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
From February 22 to 25, 1986, hundreds of thousands of Filipinos gathered on Epifanio de los Santos Avenue to protest President Ferdinand Marcos' claim that he had won re-election.
Francisco Franco speaking to his naval forces in 1938
On 20 November 1975, Spanish General Francisco Franco died in bed, signaling the unceremonious end of one of Europe’s longest dictatorships.
An HIV AIDS patient in Mozambique
HIV and COVID-19 have both laid bare that stark racial disparities exist in population health and in access to quality medical care in the US.
graveyard at memorial to Srebrenica
In July 1995, over 8,000 Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men and boys were killed in the Srebrenica massacre.
Multicolored hanging telephones
The real origins of the iPhone’s power stems from the pioneering efforts of communication innovators that preceded the AT&T engineers of the 1920s.
Black Women's Rights Leaders
Analyzing the myth of the women's voting bloc
A Soviet Soldier Waves the Red Banner
In August 1942, the most famous battle of the Second World War began.
Group of people wearing masks
How do conspiracy theories of the past compare with current ones?
woman looking at hypodermic needle
The Soviet Union tried to minimize news of the HIV/AIDS outbreak, blaming the victims.
Bird on rock outcrop in Galapagos Islands
Humans have controlled and, at times, eliminated animal populations on the islands.
French people waving flags and holding "Liberation" sign
On August 25th, 1944, Paris was liberated after more than four years of Nazi occupation.
Emperor Nero
After a devasting fire in Rome in 64 CE, Emperor Nero successfully rebuilt the city.
Plague doctor mask
When it was over, the populations of Europe, China, and India were cut by a third to a half.
People wearing masks
Germ theory helped to usher in the widespread use of cloth masks.
Hospital workers
Soon after SARS was discovered, labs around the world shared information in search of a cure.
Two women in masks in 1918
Estimates suggest that this flu claimed as many as 50 million lives around the world between 1918 and 1919.
Women marching
The first “Woman’s Day” celebration was organized by the U.S. Socialist Party in Chicago on May 2, 1908.
Hypodermic needle collecting medicine
The origins of vaccination lie in the practice of variolation, which was used to protect against smallpox.
Amritsar Massacre
The massacre and continued police brutality were turning points in Indian anti-colonialism.
flags of India and Pakistan
In 1947, British-ruled India was divided into two separate, independent states.
1917 Socialist-Realist worker image
Bolshevik Red Guards took control of the Russian capital from the provisional government October 1917.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton with two children
She wrote “The Declaration of Rights and Sentiments,” outlining the ways in which men held women in “absolute tyranny.”
Bartolome de las Casas
Las Casas became an important figure in the development of ideas of human rights.
Bastille Prison
It was the spark that emboldened the people’s movement to overthrow King Louis XVI.
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
The man we celebrate today is not the man who lost his life on the balcony of the Lorraine Motel in 1968.
Crime scene with police tape
There are an estimated 917 hate groups currently active in the U.S.
Great Wall of China
Walls have a decidedly mixed record in achieving their goals to keep some people in and others out.
Statue of Louis XVI
On January 20, 1793, the deputies decreed Louis’ guilt and his punishment by death.
D-Day ship
The Normandy Invasion on June 6, 1944 remains today one of the best known campaigns of the WWII.
Marvel character Black Panther
The fictional story of Wakanda has real historical origins in nuclear-age Congo.
melting glaciers
Historical examples suggest climate change will aggravate political instability, poverty, and conflict.