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A crowd forms on Wall Street during the Bankers Panic of 1907
A crowd forms on Wall Street during the Bankers Panic of 1907

Source: New York Public Library

A Whig party poster blamed the economic recession of 1837, and the unemployment troubles and family suffering that ensued, on president Martin Van Buren.
A Whig party poster blamed the economic recession of 1837, and the unemployment troubles and family suffering that ensued, on president Martin Van Buren.

Source: public domain

An Occupy Wall Street protestor
An Occupy Wall Street protestor

Source: photo by David Shankbone

At Our Daily Bread Employment Center in Baltimore, people line up for the hot meal program, held seven days a week.
At Our Daily Bread Employment Center in Baltimore, people line up for the hot meal program, held seven days a week.

Source: photo by Jim Stipe

Chris Stewart, a 20-year-old who moved from South Dakota to San Francisco to find a job, advertises himself on the back of his T-shirt.
Chris Stewart, a 20-year-old who moved from South Dakota to San Francisco to find a job, advertises himself on the back of his T-shirt.

Source: photo by Steve Rhodes

Franklin D. Roosevelt
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Source: U.S. Library of Congress

Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover

Source: U.S. Library of Congress

Jobless men in Philadelphia talk with a member of the Urban Coalition, a church-based organization of black community leaders, in 1973.
Jobless men in Philadelphia talk with a member of the Urban Coalition, a church-based organization of black community leaders, in 1973.
Men fight during a labor strike at the Ford Motor Company in May 1937.
Men fight during a labor strike at the Ford Motor Company in May 1937.

Source: Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

Occupy Wall Street protesters demonstrate against widespread unemployment and corporate greed in September 2011.
Occupy Wall Street protesters demonstrate against widespread unemployment and corporate greed in September 2011.

Source: photo by David Shankbone

One thousand unemployed marched to the White House in 1977 to protest cuts in federal unemployment benefits.
One thousand unemployed marched to the White House in 1977 to protest cuts in federal unemployment benefits.

Source: Reading/Simpson

President Barack Obama signs the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 at the White House.
President Barack Obama signs the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 at the White House.

Source: White House photo

Representatives to Warren Harding's 1921 Conference on Unemployment, the brainchild of Herbert Hoover.
Representatives to Warren Harding's 1921 Conference on Unemployment, the brainchild of Herbert Hoover.

Source: U.S. Library of Congress

Ronald Reagan
Ronald Reagan

Source: public domain

Senior citizens protest inflation, unemployment, and high taxes in Chicago in 1973.
Senior citizens protest inflation, unemployment, and high taxes in Chicago in 1973.

Source: public domain

The WPA Federal Theater Project funded this 1935 production of "Horse Eats Hat" with Joseph Cotton.
The WPA Federal Theater Project funded this 1935 production of "Horse Eats Hat" with Joseph Cotton.

Source: Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

This iconic photo by Dorothea Lange, hired by the Farm Service Administration to document the effects of the Great Depression on Americans, shows a Dust Bowl migrant farmer and three of her seven children.
This iconic photo by Dorothea Lange, hired by the Farm Service Administration to document the effects of the Great Depression on Americans, shows a Dust Bowl migrant farmer and three of her seven children.

Source: U.S. Library of Congress

This political cartoon commented on the depressed state of the economy under Andrew Jackson in 1837. A panorama of offices, rooming houses, and shops reflects the hard times.
This political cartoon commented on the depressed state of the economy under Andrew Jackson in 1837. A panorama of offices, rooming houses, and shops reflects the hard times.

Source: U.S. Library of Congress

This poster promotes the Social Security Act (1935), a key and lasting component of FDR's New Deal.
This poster promotes the Social Security Act (1935), a key and lasting component of FDR's New Deal.

Source: Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum

This promotional poster for an 1895 Broadway melodrama promised to recreate a dramatic "run on the bank" onstage
This promotional poster for an 1895 Broadway melodrama promised to recreate a dramatic "run on the bank" onstage

This promotional poster for an 1895 Broadway melodrama promised to recreate a dramatic "run on the bank" onstage. It could have been any number of nineteenth-century financial crises. The U.S. experienced panics in the years 1819, 1837, 1857, 1873, and 1893.

Source: U.S. Library of Congress

Thousands were employed by the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project during the Great Depression.
Thousands were employed by the Works Progress Administration's Federal Art Project during the Great Depression.

Source: Smithsonian Archives of American Art

Unemployed men queued outside a depression soup kitchen opened in Chicago by Al Capone in February 1931.
Unemployed men queued outside a depression soup kitchen opened in Chicago by Al Capone in February 1931.

Source: U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

Warren G. Harding
Warren G. Harding

Source: U.S. Library of Congress

Woodrow Wilson
Woodrow Wilson
Workers on a Works Progress Administration road-building project.
Workers on a Works Progress Administration road-building project.

Source: Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum