Pro-Nazi Iraqi prime minister Rashid Ali al-Gailani, who served three brief stints in 1933, 1940, and 1941
Oil spouts from the ground in the Kirkurk district of Iraq in the 1930s.
Gamal Abdel Nasser, second president of Egypt
Dwight D. Eisenhower
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian religious leader and politician
Current flag of the Republic of Iraq
An Iranian soldier wearing a gas mask during the Iran-Iraq War
A street in Kurdish Halabja after Saddam Hussein's chemical attack there in 1988
Donald Rumsfeld, special envoy of President Ronald Reagan, greets Saddam Hussein in Baghdad on December 20, 1983
An International Atomic Energy Agency inspector at a factory in Iraq during weapons inspections in 2002.
A Kuwaiti M-84 main battle tank crosses a trench during a capabilities demonstration at a Kuwaiti outpost during Operation Desert Shield.
An American soldier arrives in Saudi Arabia during Operation Desert Shield in 1992
U.S., French, Qatari, and Canadian fighter jets during Operation Desert Shield
George H.W. Bush
Saddam Hussein, president of Iraq from 1979 to 2003
Osama bin Laden in 1997
President George W. Bush gives the thumbs-up during his infamous "Mission Accomplished Speech" on May 1, 2003
Retired General Jay Garner, who attempted to organize elections in post-war Iraq
Iraqi Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, Ambassador L. Paul Bremer, and President Sheikh Ghazi Ajil al-Yawar
Iraqi expatriate Ahmad Chalabi
An Iraqi prisoner attached to electrical shocking devices at Abu Ghraib
A burning oil field in Kuwait during Operation Desert Storm
Firefighters attempt to extinguish a fire at the Rumaila Oilfield in Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom on March 27, 2003.
The Imam ‘Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq
U.S. and Kuwaiti troops close the gate between Kuwait and Iraq after the last military convoys pass through on December 18, 2011.
British troops enter Baghdad during World War I
The last convoy of U.S. service members enters Kuwait from Iraq, Dec. 18, 2011.