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An allotment delegation approaches the Nez Perce
The 1887 passage of the Dawes Act upended this system of communal land ownership and, in doing so, struck a historic blow at Native Americans’ political rights, economic sufficiency, and cultural heritage.
Ilya Repin's late 19th-century painting, "The Zaporozhian Cossacks Replying to the Sultan"
The Zaporozhian Cossacks were a daring and fearsome people of the fifteenth through eighteenth centuries whose adventures fill Ukrainian lore and inspire an enduring Ukrainian spirit of independence and daring.
Bartholomew I, the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, signs the tomos (January 5, 2019) that officially established the Orthodox Church of Ukraine and granted it autocephaly.
Many observers have been surprised that this war has a religious dimension. Yet its roots lie in the intertwined but separate religious histories of Ukraine and Russia.
National Guard Soldiers wearing gas masks and holding rifles
Just past noon on Monday, May 4, 1970, a squadron of Ohio National Guardsmen opened fire at a loose collection of students gathered across an expanse of leafy lawns and campus parking lots at Kent State University in northeastern Ohio.
The 114 infantry in Paris, July 14, 1927, Leon Gimpel
On the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month, the Armistice went into effect, silencing the guns of the Western Front and ending the First World War. Or so the story goes.
artwork, 32 Campbell's Soup Cans by Andy Warhol
Andy Warhol’s 32 Campbell’s Soup Cans have become a canonical symbol of American Pop Art.
Captain America punching Hitler
Created by writer Joe Simon and artist Jack Kirby in the eponymous Captain America Comics #1, the patriotic hero became a breakout star for Timely Comics.
Nigerians use phone booth under a poster against Biafran separatists and their leader, General C. Odumegwu Ojuku. 1967.
Barely three years after independence from British colonial rule, Nigeria, the most populous nation in Africa, collapsed into a civil war.
Someone's hand holding a paper strip up to a Guatemalan woman's arm. The woman's arm has a white strip on it.
Between 1946-1948, around 1,500 people in Guatemala—including prisoners, soldiers, prostitutes, psychiatric patients, and children—were enrolled without consent in unethical studies related to the testing and treatment of sexually transmitted infections.
Paratroopers of teh 2nd RPC firing a 106 mm SR recoilless gun at an Egyptian resistance point on an Egyptian resistance point in Port Said
In July 1956, the international order was disrupted by the Suez Crisis, a complicated imbroglio marked by the intersection of European decolonization, the Arab-Israeli conflict, the Cold War, and the growth of U.S. power.
The ruins of Cassino, May 1944 - a wrecked Sherman tank and Bailey bridge in the foreground, with Monastery Ridge and Castle Hill
World War II was a total war—a mobilization of nearly all human and natural resources.
UPA soldiers charge
The region of western Ukraine makes up just a small percentage of the territory and population of present-day Ukraine, but has historically played an outsized role in the 20th century struggles for control of eastern Europe.
Astronaut Buzz Aldrin salutes United States Flag while standing on the moon
On July 21, 1969, American astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human being to set foot on an entirely different world.
The Arrow Incident on October 8 1856
March 3, 1857 marked the unofficial beginning of the so-called Second Opium War (officially 1856-1860).
Liu Bang
Liu Bang rose from obscurity to be crowned emperor of China 2215 years ago on the 28th of February, 202 BCE.
Ottoman Empire (1256), Europe (67), Colonialism/Imperialism (1289), Middle East (142), Islam (154)
Süleyman, who would be known to the west as “the Magnificent,” began his reign as sultan of the Ottoman Empire in September 1520.
U.S. General James Van Fleet and Greek War Minister Kanellopoulos walking between lines of soldiers on the island of Makronissos during the Greek Civil War
The years 1940–1949 were ones of continuous horror for the Greek people.
soldiers holding guns near a body of water
December 16, 1971 marked the end of the Bangladesh Liberation War, a short-lived conflict between India and Pakistan.
advertisement with bi-plane dusting over a field and two farmers talking about it
Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring shocked the American public when it was published in the summer of 1962.
Pioneers Palace in Kiev, Ukraine
Architecture is a way of understanding the world: recording its history, sharing its culture, and connecting with people.
Burial detail at Camp O'Donnell after the Bataan Death March
Perhaps no historical event illustrates the potential disaster awaiting military forces put in a hopeless strategic situation than the fall of the Philippines in the spring of 1942.
a group of Ukrainian theatre performers on a stage
On a summer day in August 1920, in the middle of war, a group of Ukrainians performed Macbeth.
battle at Tenochtitlan
After a brutal 75-day siege, the Mexica capital of Tenochtitlan surrendered on August 13, 1521.
portrait of Shevchenko by Ukrainian artist Ilia Shulha, titled Taras Shevchenko Returning from Exil by Boat.
Taras Shevchenko is not just the founder of the modern Ukrainian literary language, he is also the most important symbol of modern Ukrainian nationhood.
In this 1919 caricature, Ukrainians are surrounded by a Bolshevik (to the north, man with hat and red star), a Russian White Army soldier (to the east, with Russian eagle flag and a short whip), and to the west a Polish soldier, a Hungarian (in pink uniform) and two Romanian soldiers. Wikimedia Commons
The decade of war and revolution between 1914 and 1924 is critical for understanding both Russian and Ukrainian statehood up to the present day.
a ceremony in Ukraine
When the Russian Empire collapsed in 1917 during World War I, the lands of today’s Ukraine became a battleground of violence and instability until 1922.
a man kneeling down near tributes to fallen heroes
Emily Channell-Justice explores the goals and lived experiences of Ukraine’s watershed Euromaidan protests of 2013-14.
Frankenstein's Monster
On January 1st, 1818, Mary Shelley, at age nineteen, published the gothic novel Frankenstein.
a man harvesting wheat - Lviv, Ukraine 1991 Wheat Harvest on Collective Farm 1991 by Manhhai, Flickr, cc-by 2.0
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, Ukraine has returned to its pre-revolutionary positin as a major agricultural exporter of key commodities.
ancient Vikings
The Russian government’s rationale for the war in Ukraine is not about oil, coal, or natural resources. It is about asserting specious historical claims.
Ita Ford, Dorothy Kazel, Jean Donovan, and Maura Clarke
On December 2, 1980, four churchwomen—Maryknoll Sisters Maura Clarke and Ita Ford, Ursuline Sister Dorothy Kazel, and lay missionary Jean Donovan—became victims of escalating violence toward church members who sided with the poor in El Salvador.
2009 Tour de France winner Alberto Contador
In 1919, Eugene Christophe was awarded the first yellow jersey, but he did not win the Tour de France that year.
Ferdinand Magellan with an antique map behind him
On September 20, 1519, five ships carrying about 270 men sailed westward from the Spanish port of  Sanlúcar de Barrameda.
In February-March 1616, the Catholic Church issued a prohibition against the Copernican theory of the earth’s motion.
And Water for All - stylized image of hands with water behind them
An educational documentary about water affordability
Gavrilo Princip with Archduke Ferdinand and Sophie in background
On June 28, 1914, one event changed the world.
Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan
The atomic age began between heartbeats at 8:15 am on August 6, 1945 when the Japanese city of Hiroshima was leveled by an atomic bomb.
image of Mendeleev with periodic table of elements in background
Dmitri Mendeleev's looming publishing deadline resulted in a system that classified all of the chemical elements.
group of protesters with linked arms at Epifanio de los Santos Avenue
From February 22 to 25, 1986, hundreds of thousands of Filipinos gathered on Epifanio de los Santos Avenue to protest President Ferdinand Marcos' claim that he had won re-election.
Francisco Franco speaking to his naval forces in 1938
On 20 November 1975, Spanish General Francisco Franco died in bed, signaling the unceremonious end of one of Europe’s longest dictatorships.
An HIV AIDS patient in Mozambique
HIV and COVID-19 have both laid bare that stark racial disparities exist in population health and in access to quality medical care in the US.
graveyard at memorial to Srebrenica
In July 1995, over 8,000 Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) men and boys were killed in the Srebrenica massacre.
Multicolored hanging telephones
The real origins of the iPhone’s power stems from the pioneering efforts of communication innovators that preceded the AT&T engineers of the 1920s.
Black Women's Rights Leaders
Analyzing the myth of the women's voting bloc
A Soviet Soldier Waves the Red Banner
In August 1942, the most famous battle of the Second World War began.
Group of people wearing masks
How do conspiracy theories of the past compare with current ones?
woman looking at hypodermic needle
The Soviet Union tried to minimize news of the HIV/AIDS outbreak, blaming the victims.
Bird on rock outcrop in Galapagos Islands
Humans have controlled and, at times, eliminated animal populations on the islands.