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95 Theses
95 Theses

Written in 1517, Martin Luther's 95 Theses marked the second dramatic division of Christianity.

Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury

Justin Welby was named Archbishop of Canterbury in November 2012. © Mazur/catholicnews.org.uk

Avery Dulles
Avery Dulles

Not all cardinals are bishops. American theologian Avery Dulles is one example of this.

Canterbury Cathedral
Canterbury Cathedral

Canterbury Cathedral, home church of the Archbishop of Canturbury and one of the oldest Christian structures in England

Coptic altar
Coptic altar

Coptic altar in a Jerusalem church

Coptic cathedral
Coptic cathedral

St. Mark Coptic Cathedral in Alexandria, Egypt

Coptic cross
Coptic cross

A Coptic Orthodox cross with the text: Jesus Christ, the Son of God

Gene Robinson
Gene Robinson

Gene Robinson, openly gay Episcopal bishop of New Hampshire, whose tenure ended in January 2013

Hanging Church
Hanging Church

The Coptic Orthodox Hanging Chruch in Cairo dates from the 3rd or 4th Century. 

Henry VIII
Henry VIII

Henry VIII's break with Rome represented the culmination of a long struggle between the papacy and “secular” rulers over control of church offices and properties.

Hillsong Church
Hillsong Church

The interior of a Pentacostal megachurch in Sydney, Australia. Photo by Matt Malone

Laying on of hands
Laying on of hands

Members of a Pentacostal church practice a healing ritual in Kentucky in the 1940s. National Archives and Records photo by Russell Lee

Pentecostal service
Pentecostal service

Young worshippers at a 2011 Pentecostal Christian gathering in Panama

Peter Akinola
Peter Akinola

Peter Akinola, archbishop of Nigeria from 2002 to 2010, led a boycott of the Anglican Communion over homosexuality issues.

Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI

Pope Benedict XVI, now pope emeritus, took the nearly unprecedented step in 2013 of retiring before his death.

Pope Francis
Pope Francis

Pope Francis, Bishop of Rome, elected March 2013

Pope Shenouda III
Pope Shenouda III

Pope Shenouda III, predecessor of Tawadros II, in 2009. White House photo by Chuck Kennedy

Pope Tawadros II
Pope Tawadros II

Pope Tawadros II, current Pope of the Coptic Church

Pope Tawadros II and Pope Francis
Pope Tawadros II and Pope Francis

Tawadros II, head of the Coptic Orthodox Church of Egypt, met with Francis, head of the Catholic Church, in May 2013.

Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel

The unremarkable exterior of the Sistine Chapel, where papal conclaves are held

St. Peter's Basilica
St. Peter's Basilica

St. Peter's Basilica in Vatican City is the largest church in the world and a symbol of the Catholic Church. 

White smoke
White smoke

White smoke emanating from the Sistine Chapel indicates that the conclave has succeeded at electing a pope.